Casino Business History

Lucky number “for Sagebrush State”.

In December of 1829 a Mexican merchant, Antonio Armijo, led his caravan to Las Vegas. Even though it was winter – it didn’t affect the conditions of the deserts of the area: the scorching heat and burning earth, a monotonous landscape and scrub could turn anyone into a madman. This is why the guide eventually realized that they had lost their path! Armijjo did not feel dejected and telling him to fix the camp, set a small group to search for water. One of Antonio’s scouts , Rafael River- decided to conduct “an personal hunt” and soon he came across a magnificent source of water that was fresh – which is priceless in Nevada desert.

Rivera’s finding was of revolutionary significance. California was overrun by “gold rush” and the potential gold-diggers might significantly reduce the road to the gold-bearing lands.

A quarter of a century later, Mormons came to the source which was given a Spanish name Las-Vegas – which means “meadows”. They built a fort in order to secure the Los Angeles-Salt Lake City mail route. They also mining coal, planted fruit trees, cultivated vegetables, and in 1858, they left the settlement much because of the constant Indian raids.

The next phase of the history of Las Vegas started only three years later, at the time that the period of the conquest of the Wild west was fully in motion. Railroad tracks were laid through the Valley that was the place in which Rafael discovered his water supply. A camp site was built for the passengers to relax between the stops of the train. In the next few years, workshops, hotels, retailers, cigar stores, and the saloons would surely sprout like mushrooms following the heavy summer rainfall. In the saloons the patrons could not only consume a drink or food, but they also had an opportunity to play dice, cards and roulette. Visit:-

It’s difficult to believe, but up to “sex revolution” in the late 60s America had more rigid and patriarchal morals than Europe. Even the character in Dreiser’s “An American Tragedy” Clyde Griffiths knew he could connect with a foreign lady – as they were more light-minded than American women. The regulators of Nevada had banned gambling in its boundaries due to the influence on the so-called “moralists”. A wild western custom to throw the coin into the air during the payment for the drinks was also prohibited. In October of 1910, a local newspaper commented on this historic event with apparent rapture: “Stilled forever is the clicking on the Roulette wheel the rattle of dice and the card swish. “ You will hardly believe today that the whole thing was concerning Las Vegas.

As the historians say, the ban did not even last a month. The authorities were fighting illegal gambling houses for more than 20 years however, the simple economics prevailed. In line with the popular belief Nevada was not as lucky like other states. It is not a state with any particular natural resources similar to those found in oil-producing Texas or Oklahoma as well as no rich lands similar to Iowa as well as no beaches that sparkle and a pleasant climate similar to Florida in Florida and California.

It is difficult to remember the decision to permit in Nevada what was previously banned across the United states. However, the job was done prohibited in every other state, gambling was allowed in Nevada in addition to the procedure of marriage and divorces was significantly simplified. The wheel started to spin and now the entire state was benefiting. Contrary to Monte Carlo with its only casino and casinos, casinos in Las Vegas were literally sprouted, giving the money likely to the hotels. Even during the toughest times of the Great Depression, people could make money and work here – someone ran a gambling establishment, others were selling hamburgers, someone was changing the sheets in the hotels and also cleaning the ashtrays , thanking the God for having the job and the pay…